JPRS 73877 20 July 1979

Sub-Saharan Africa Report



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cinoae 0: XCUMENTATION 1 REPORT NO ) 73877 Te | 3. Recipient's Accetsion No | PAGE zh. .

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20 July 1979


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16 Abstract tient 200 words)



European publications and radio on political, economic,

serial report contains information from African and specialized West

and sociological

——-— ——— =

—- ———__ 17. Necument Anciysie e Ovscriptors

Political Science _XInter-African Aff. Gabon __Niger __zaire Soc Lology ____ Angola ___Gambia __Nigeria _X Zambia Economics _ Benin _ x Ghana _X Reunion Culture (Social __ Botswana ___Guinea xX. -X Rhodesia Sciences) ___ Burundi ___ Guinea-Bissau __ Rwanda Technological ___ Cameroon ___Ivory Coast ___ Sao Tome and ___Cape Verde ___ Kenya Principe __Central African ___Lesotho _X Senegal Empire __Liberia ___ Seychelles ___ Chad _X Madagascar Sierra Leone ___Comoro Islands ___ Malawi Somalia ___ Congo __Mali _X South Africa ___ Djibouti ___ Mauritius ___ Swaziland ___ Equatorial Guinea Mozambique ___ Tanzania b identiters/Open Ended Terms Ethiopia _X Namibia _X Togo ___Uganda « Cosari FietasGroup 02, SD, SC, 5K ___Upper Volta : a tata ood" Ra ilabil ity w el et | Sold by NTIS . _ ' Springfield, Virginia 22161 |" Guctassirimo”” |" ei

(See ANS-299.18)

See inetructions on Peverse

OPTIONAL FORM 7272 (4-77) (Formerly wrrs. 99) Oepertment of Commerce

JPRS 73877 20 July 1979


No. 2133


Itamaraty Lauds Lusophone-African Meeting; Justifies Policy (O ESTADO DE SAO PAULO, 8, 21 Jum 79)........ occcccccccs 1

Portuguese Africa Union Praised Itamaraty Justifies Africa Policy

GHANA British Recognition Taken as Proof of AFRC' Righteousness (Editorial; DAILY GRAPHIC, 18 Jun TO) ccccccccccccccccocs 5 New Leaf Should Be Turned Over by Third Republic (Editorial; DAILY GRAPHIC, 20 Jun TO) ccccccccecccccocccs 6 Real Evils of Society May Be Hidden From Public View (Editorial; GHANATAN TIMES, 21 Jun TO) ccccccccececcccece 7 Decree Awards Immunity To AFRC Members (DAILY GRAPHIC, 16 Jum 79). .ccceeesssscceescvseceees cecce 8 Briefs Civilians Included in House Cleaning 9 MADAGASCAR

Italian Ambassador Reviews Relations (Angelini Rota Interview; MADAGASCAR-MATIN, 2 Jun 79)... 10

Communications Agreement Signed With USSR (MADAGASCAR-MATIN, 2 Jun 79). seeee nr eeeeeneneneneneneneeneeneeeeee 13

-a- [III - NE & A = 120)

> 4 .


HNP Leader Charges Mudge Alienating ‘Whites’ (Gwen Lister; WINDHOEK OBSERVER, 23 Jum 79).....eeeeeees

Assembly Passes Antidiscrimination Bill (THE WINDHOEK ADVERTISER, 2 Jul 79). ..cccesccccccceveces

SWAPO Secretary Lists Military Successes (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 25 Jun TP) cccccccceseccccvccececcceoes

Briefs Arrest of SWAPO Supporters Baster Kaptein's Council REUNION

Results of 10 June Elections Given (TEMOIGNAGES, 12 Jun TE) cccccccccccescccccecccccescesees

Reunionese Communist Party 20th Anniversary Celebrated (TEMOIGNAGES, 18, 19-20, 21, 23-24, 25, 29 May 79)......

Paul Verges Interviewed on FR3 (Paul Verges Interview; TEMOIGNAGES, 12 Jum 79)....++««:


"HERALD' Comments on President Carter's Popularity (Editorial; THE HERALD, 4 Jul TO) ccccccccccccscsssessese

Purpose of Bishop's U.S. Visit Discussed (Editorial; THE SUNDAY MAIL, 1 Jul 79) wcccccccsccsccseses

Expansion of Black Call-Up Planned (THE SUNDAY MAIL, 1 Jul TE) ccccccccccccccccccesceeeseees

Increasing Call-Up of Blacks Supported (Editorial; THE HERALD, 4 Jul 79) ccvccccccccsesscseseece

Black Man To Stand in City Election (THE HERALD, 28 Jun TO ccccccccccccccccccccceseseeseeess

Assembly Hits Distorted Press Reports (THE HERALD, 4 Jul TO) ccccccccccccccccccecesesceseeseres

Senators Make Appeals for Unity (THE HERALD, 4 Jul ) ) PYETELELETILILILITITTILIT Tri

















CONTENTS (Continued) Page

Government Plans Crackdown on Urban Terrorism

(THE FINANCIAL GAZETTE, 14 Jun 79)..... peccce oeccces occece 49 ZR Passport Snag Reported

(THE SUNDAY MAIL, 1 Jul 79)....ceecceseees socccccccccces 51 Captures Papers Disclose Reign of Fear

(THE SUNDAY MAIL, 1 Jul 79).....-eeeees peccee secccee pecce 53 Motive for UNFP Split Reported

(THE SUNDAY MAIL, 1 Jul TO) ccccccececccceccccecencecocoss 55 Army Reduces Fuel Used in Vehicles

(THE HERALD-BUSINESS HERALD, 28 Jum 79).....eeeeevcevees 56 Pensioners Cause Cash Outflow

(THE SUNDAY MAIL, 1 Jul TP) ccccccccccccccececccesceeeces 5& Chirau Cails for Control of Auxiliaries

(THE HERALD, 30 Jum 79)... ceccecceceees peccece eccccoccces 60 Extinction Looms for White Trader in Country Areas

(THE FINANCIAL GAZETTE, 14 Jum 79). ccccccsccccseececeees 61 Change of Management at ZRBC Urged

(Editorial; THE FINANCIAL GAZETTE, 14 Jum 79)....-eeees, 63 Marketing Expert Invites Small Investments

(THE FINANCIAL GAZETTE, 14 Jun 79) ccccccccccccccccccceses 64 Control of Quelea Bird Population Sought

(Cheryl Roberston; THE HERALD, 25 Jum 79). .cseeseeeeeees 66 Briefs

New Member 67

Attack on Beerhall 67

Detainees Freed 68

Bishops Conference 68

Muzorewas Move to Dzimbahwe 68

Oil Exploration 68

Sithole Home Searched 68

War Casualties 69

Reid-Daly Reprimanded 69

Lamont Stay Extended 69


Organization for Liberation of Mauritanian Haratines (A.W. Diene; LE POLITICIEN, Jun TD) ccccccccccccceceecees 70


CONTENTS (Continued) Page

Mauritanian Moors ‘Disillusioned’' by Regime's Lack of Action

(LE POLITICIEN, Jum 79). ..cccccccccccsccssssceseses eccce 72 SCUTH AFRICA Mulder Lacks Support for New Party (Jaap Theron; THE CITIZEN, 4 Jul 79)..cccccsccccccvesees 76 Buthelezi Reaffirms Inkatha Nonviolent Policy (THE CITIZEN, 2 Jul , ) PEYTTLILTILITILITTTITILTTTTTTiTy iT Tle 77 Ethanol From Sugar Plant Discussed (David Bamber; THE CITIZEN, 4 Jul 79)... .ceeseesscvesees 78 Briefs Horwood on Economy 79 Moslem Publishers Arrest 79 TOGO Communique on Plotter's Arrest, Confession (TOGO-PRESSE, 19 Jun TE) cccccccccccccecceccccceeseeceess 80 Severe Measures Demanded Against the Plotters (Editorial, Duevi Anani Tsibiaku; TOGO-PRESSE, 21 Jun , ) PYETTLILTITITITITITTTTTITrersrersrrsrsreryireyftiTi iii Ke ZAMBIA

Foreign Minister on Commonwealth Summit, Rhodesian Problem (Wilson Chakulya Interview; SUNDAY NATION, 1 Jul 79).... 85



Portuguese Africa Union Praised

Sao Paulo 0 ESTADO DE SAO PAULO in Portuguese 21 Jun 79 p 10

{(Text] Brasilia--Itamaraty [Ministry of Foreign Affairs] revealed yester- day that it regards as very important the results of the summit meeting of Portuguese-speaking African countries held last week in Luanda. It pointed out that the joint communique, signed by Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, Sao Tome and Principe, Angola and Mozambique, affirms “the common desire to act in harmony to implement a strategy that will lead to the liberation and social development of their countries.”

According to diplomatic sources, the holding of the summit meeting of the five chiefs of state represents a very important political act, because it indicates the intention of those countries to act as a bloc and, thus, to set up a barrier to prevent Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde from going over to the sphere of influence of the French-speaking coustries, geo- graphically closer than Angola and Mozambique.

This emphasis on the common language demonstrates that those countries have already left behind the phase of national identity, because they are politically consolidated and mature to the point of forming a bloc, with- oot fearing that their attitude will represent a restriction on their free- dom and economic development, the sources stated.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs pointed out that this move is also more important than the close ties between French-speaking and English-speaking countries, because the union of Lusophone countries is being achieved with- out participation by the former mother-country in the summit, as happens in the case of France and Great Britain, which arrange conferences and maintain close political and economic ties with their respective former colonies.

Because of its European option, Portugal does not maintain close ties with ats former African colonies. Thus, the union between the five coutries 1s being accomplished on an equal footing, in spite of the markec \ifferences

between them. Itamaraty sources observe that the periodic holding of these meetings -- the next one will be in Mozambique -- will expand the possibili- ties for cooperation between those countries by facilitating an exchange

of experience.

The Ministry of Foreion Affairs stresses that Brazil is not interested in replacing Portugal by putting itself in a position similar to the position of France and Great Britain with regard to their former colonies. “Brazil is interested in cooperating actively with each of those African countries that can benefit from Brazil's broader and more diversified experience, as well as from the mistakes committed by the Brazilian Government in its search for economic development, but we want a cooperation in both directions and

from equal to equal.”

The sources continue to state that Guinea-Bissau and Angola have already well understood Brazil's intentions. During recent visits by delegations from those two countries, the Africans showed great interest in Brazilian cooperation, because Brazil does not interfere in the internal affairs of other countries. “The Europeans -- both Western and Eastern -- always

want to give us advice on the method of solving our problems. Brazil limits itself to offering ecouomic or cultural cooperation, without meddling in our internal situation.”

Angola's oil minister, Jorge Morais, stated, when he visited Brasilia and Rio de Janeiro recently, that his government wants privileged relations with Brazil and that an embassy is to be set up in Brazil this year. The minister of International Cooperation of Guinea-Bissau, Inacio Semedo, in turn, stated that his country desires long-range cooperation with Brazil on firm, permanent bases.

Within that picture, close cooperation oan be intensified between the Portuguese~-speaking African countries and Brazil, primarily because there is an identity of ecological conditions facilitating the adaptation of projects and experience, the sources point out. “With regard to social programs, like literacy, sanitation, housing, Brazilian experience can also be important by pointing out mistakes and accuracies of specific po- licies.”

In the political field, the summit meeting established points of view that are shared by Brazil, like rejection of all forms of colonialism and in- perialism, as well as refusal to recognize the elections held in Namibia and Zimbabwe. “We do not recognize any representativeness in the iliegal, puppet executives who have set themselves up in those countries under the protection of the racist regimes.”

Itamaraty Justifies Africa Policy Sao PauloO ESTADO DE SAO PAULO in Portuguese §& Jun 793 p 6

{Text} Brasilia--The head of the Africa, Asia and Oceania Department in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Minister Marcos Azambuja, justified the policy adopted by Brazil with regard to the African continent, when he de- livered a lecture to the Foreign Relations Committee of the Chamber. He pointed out that rapprochement with western Africa mu.t not be carried out to the detriment of central and southern Africa. When he commented on the issue of Rhodesia, the minister said that Brazil advocates participation by all trends concerned -- including two guerrilla movements -- in dialog and in solving the political impasse in which that country finds itself.

In the case of Namibia, Minister Marcos Azambuja said that the Brazilian Government rejects the “internal solution” that South Africa insists on adopting, adding that “this is merely an artifical position that aggravates the problem instead of solving it.” Azambuja also said that Brazil cannot use ambiguous language with regard to the fight against apartheid.

Minister Marcos Azambuja refused to make any comment concerning the presence of Cuban troops in Africa. He said that it is not up to Brazil to express an opinion, all the more so because it maintains excellent relations with some of the African countries in which those troops are stationed. He was referring especially to Angola.

A little earlier, Deputy Joaquim Coutinho, chairman of that committee, had said that recognition of the MPLA [Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola] by Brazil has given rise to much internal controversial discussion, but it represented a positive factor, even with regard to the presence of the Cuban troops. Without referring to that congressman's point of view, Minister Azambuja merely stated that in the opinion of Brazil African mat- ters should be handled and solved by the Africans themselves.

The head of the Africa Department, who analyzed sub-Sahara Africa only in his address and in the discussion part with the deputies, said that Brazil has no political problems with that continent, but “it must be discreet.”

The diplomat warned against a certain “development euphoria” that inspires Brazil, at times, in its relations with Africa. He said that Africa's knowledge of what is happening in Brazil cannot be underestimated.

Similarly to what happened when he talked about Cuban troops in Africa, Minister Azambuja also tried to display extreme discretion, when Deputy Geraldo Guedes asked him whether SWAPO [Southwest African People's Orga- nization], the movement for liberation of Namibia, had a communist con- tent. The diplomat stated that he had no precise reply to that question, but he remarked that as far as he could observe SWAPO was “nationalist and clamoring.”

Azambuja said, in addition, that it is absolutely necessary to expand and equip the network of Braz:!''s diplomatic representation in Africa, although he realizes that this nutwork is already quite larger than the one that the other Latin American countries have.

10,042 cso: 3001



Accra DAILY GRAPHIC in English 18 Jun 79 p 2

[Editorial |]

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Accra DAILY GRAPHIC in English 20 Jun 79 p 2

{Editorial ]

(Text ] THE ‘Graphic’ takes this opportu-


require the best brains “tre country has and a. of

it goes without saying that tie 6


Third Republic government would have to put its best foot forward in this: ma of ee

the people. :

Luckily for the volutionary Council (AFRC), has already set the bail rolling in

the wrongs and econo-

op yy contributed

no smell way country’s back sliding. ;

The ‘moral war’ being waged right now is in the interest of “es body and the government in particular since its burden would be considerably lighten- ed. By now it must also be abundantly clear to the suc- ceeding government that the “politics of mismanagement”’ which has characterised the

the Third

blic Government. in the next few

AFRC hands over

party elect musi it to mop up ihe

remnants of corruption in the society.



[Text] There are three important things to take account of in the house cleaning process.

One: It is impossible to uncover and expose all the corruption in the society.

Two: The emphasis of such a national exercise can only be to take correc- tive measures that would provide a deterrent effect.

Three: The Armed Forces Revolutionary Council simply has not got the time to waste on unimportant issues.

All these imply that what can be done in the time available must be con- cise and sharp in both its immediate and long-term effects.

It is expected that in the excitement of the moment, many overenthusiiistic people will send all sorts of complaints to the AFRC whilst the more cir- cumspect would be less inclined to act in a hurry.

And yet this second group are those who possess the more important infor- mation that would enable the house cleaning to be done in depth and therefore with greater impact.

We know that there are many honest Ghanaians in almost all levels and sec- tors of the society who possess inside knowledge of big-time rackets and corrupt activities which are unseen at the surface but which constitute the real evils that must be removed before the house cleaning can be effective.

We say such honest men are there--and they must be looked for. Once the big frauds and racketeers are exposed and punished, the deterrent force it provides would make others fali in the proper moral line.

CSO: 4420


Accra DAILY GRAPHIC in English 16 Jun 79 p 9

[Text ]



A DECREE of in- demnaity for acts in eonnection with the change over of go- yernment on June 4 this veer has been

Under the decree, Armed Forces Revolu- tionary Council (In- demnity} decree 1979. signed We-Fit-Lt John Jerry Rewlirign, Chair- man of the Armed For- ces Revolutionary Council and in Accra venterday It shall not be lewful for anv Court to enter- tain any action what-

(a) the Republic; or (h) The Armed Por- ces Revolutionary

ment of this Decree: or

(d) Any member of the Armed Forces or the + Force: or

(e) Any person acting under the authority of the Commander in- eed or the Inspector-

veneral of or in

the course of mili- tarv or police duties on or after the commence- ment of this Derree, or if) Any n or persame actin in con- cert or liv to

axxixt or bring about the change in govera-

ment took rm te 4h dav vt Sane 1979, im reepect of anv act of ommiwuon in con- nection with or conse- quent upon

(i) Wap eondane a the government in

(ii) The contineed suapenson of the 1989 Conatitution:

(iti) The eatabliah- ment of the Armed Cantty

ey ape. om hefore ¢ oatabliah.

ment of the Armed honarv

con utionary Council wr @hy other enactment.



CIVILIANS INCLUDED IN HOUSE CLEANING--Civilians who have illegally amassed wealth will also face the Armed Forces Revolutionary courts, a statement by the AFRC said in Accra on Saturday. A statement issued by the Council said the serious house-cleaning exercise that had begun was not limited to the military sector alone. It said civilians who have illegally amassed wealth would also be dealt with at the appropriate time. It said the speedy trials going on were in respect of all persons who have stolen the country's wealth and who have thereby caused the country untold sufferings. The statement warned members of the public to desist from any acts of looting, or molestation of the people they suspected to fall into the category of those who have illegally amassed wealth. [Excerpt] [Accra DAILY GRAPHIC in English 18 Jun 79 p 1]

CSO: 4420



[Interview with Italian ambassador to Madagascar Angelini Rota, by A.R., 1 June 1979; place not given]

[Text] Italy is celebrating its national holiday today. The RDM [Democratic Republic of Madagascar], faithful to its "all directions" foreign policy, maintains very good relations with the country of Garibaldi, as is demonstrated by this interview granted us yesterday by His Excellency Angelini Rota, Italy's ambassador to Antananarivo.

[Question] Mr Ambassador, where does Italian-Malagasy cooperation stand?

[Answer] It is going well. This is demonstrated by the constantly growing number of Italian investors visiting Madagascar to study the possible forms of cooperation in several fields. Despite the traditional feelings of friend- ship and respect linking our two countries, I noted upon arriving in Mada- gascar, 3 and 1/2 years ago now, the lack of mutual information on the sub- ject of common achievements both in Italy and in Madagascar, in the political, economic and social areas.

My assignment to the RDM will soon be over. I can say, with a certain per- sonal satisfaction, that many things have been accomplished in this area. But I believe that still more could be done. I think that Italy and the RDM have many complementary interests in several sectors. This lack of informa- tion has fortunately been remedied thanks to the articles on Madagascar that have recently appeared in several newspapers and the television broadcasts resulting from the Air Madagascar company's invitation to a team of Italian journalists. I do not want to miss this opportunity to thank your newspaper for the considerable part it has played in this area, bringing to your read- ers’ attention certain aspects of Italian reality and also aspects of the bi- lateral cooperation between our two countries.

[Question] Just what are the most active sectors of this cooperation?


[Answer] At present, our cooperation is mainly concerned with mining activ- ity, processing of agricultural products, and development of medium-size businesses. There is certainly no shortage of projects, and those on both sides are working to expand our joint efforts into other areas. To all this should be added our traditional cooperation in training of cadres, thanks to the scholarships offered by my government. I hope that in the cultural area we will soon be able to carry out some interesting initiatives, of which more will be said when the time is right.

[Question] Many projects in the framework of bilateral cooperation between Italy and the RDM were proposed last year. What has become of them?

[Answer] The projects proposed last year are presently in the definition pro- cess. When an initiative of a certain magnitude is involved, results can be expected only in the middle term. In the immediate time frame, the Soalala mining project is the subject of an on-site feasibility study by Malagesy and Italian technicians. This attractive project has been possible thanks to the Joint financial support of the European Development Fund and the Italian De- partment of Cooperation. Very shortly, I hope, other industrial cooperation projects will take concrete form.

[Question] What is the situation prevailing in Italy at the present time?

[Answer] I would have preferred to reply to this question in a week, be- cause the legislative elections are going to be held in my country starting tomorrow. I am not in a position to predict the results of these elections.

I am personally convinced that there will be no remarkable change in the poli- tical framework. It seems probable to me that in consequence of these elec- tions we will still have a democratic coalition government, with the parti- cipation of the country's most vital forces, of the same kind as in the last government, which enabled my country to start out toward a considerable eco- nomic and social recovery. What I can stress is that despite the difficul- ties of public order resulting from a very acute social crisis, most Italians have shown their desire to get through a difficult moment by means of a rarely equalled vitality and devotion to work.

[Question] Just how is the Italian economy behaving after the political- social jolts of recent months?

[Answer] Our economy is going through a phase of clear recovery despite the political and social difficulties which still exist but which have subsided by comparison with a year ago, when they reached their zenith with the atro- cious assassination of President Aldo Moro. Italy, like all industrialized countries, feels the new oil crisis. This government has taken severe meas- ures to control, starting right now, certain symptoms of inflation that have recently appeared. A proof of the steadiness of the Italian economy, despite the preoccupations of the pessimists, is the strengthening of our currency after our entry into the International Monetary System.


[Question] There is talk here and there in Madagascar of the “return” of FIAT. Are such rumors well-founded?

[Answer] FIAT has, in fact, recently shown an interest in the Malagasy market. A very high-level mission came to Madagascar a few weeks ago to make contacts with the aim of reorganizing effective assistance to all its many customers who have placed confidence in it. I believe that concrete results will not be long in coming.

[Question] What are your plans for the immediate future?

[Answer] As for my personal plans, I have quite recently been called to other duties by my government. This makes me very sad, for I have spent in Mada- gascar, with my family, 3 and 1/2 years which have been among the happiest of my life. I have been able to appreciate not only the natural beauties of your country, but especially a people with deep human and cultural qualities at a time when they are joining all their forces to launch the country on the road to rapid progress and for complete affirmation of its personality and its independence. I take this opportunity to tell all my Malagasy friends--and

I have very many of them!--that I will always have a magnificent memory of this country, where I hope to return often as a tourist. Furthermore, I offer to my friends the people of Madagascar my best wishes for success in all] areas.

11267 cso: 4400




[Text] At the conclusion of negotiations, an intergovernmentsl agreement on cooperation in the area of postal and electrical communications was signed in Moscow on 31 May between the Soviet Union and the Democratic Republic of Madagascar.

The Soviet delegation to the negotiations was led by Wikolay Talyzin, 'sSSR minister of communications, and the Malagasy delegation was led by Rakotovaoc Andriantiana, minister of posts and telecommunications of the RDM [Democratic Republic o- Madagascar]. Madagascar's ambassador to the Soviet Union, Fred- eric Randriamamonjy, took part in the negotiations.

The agreement provides not only for regulation of postal and telegrapii:: op- erations between the two countries but also for their continual development and improvement. To this end, the representatives of the USSR and the RDM committed themselves to arrange many more scientific and technical contacts between the between the agencies and specialists of the postal and telegraphic services of the two countries, which will contribute to the exchange of exper- ience and development of cooperation in the area of training of supervisory personnel.

Replying to questions by the correspondent of the APN [Novosti Press Agency), Rakotovao Andriantiana, minister of posts and telecommunications of the RDM, characterized the new agreement in this way:

"This agreements has great importance for us, considering the multiform coop- eration constantly developing between the RDM and the USSR, cooperation which was given new impetus as a result of the visit to the Soviet Union by Presi- dent Didier Ratsiraka in June-July of last year. It was indeed on the occa- sion of this visit that an agreement was made on the delivery to Madagascar of a sizeable order of Soviet tractors, as well as on several other points of bilateral relations.

"The number of Malagasy young people studying in the Soviet Union is growing from year to year. Cultural cooperation between the two countries is con-


stantly expanding. All this implies good operation of the communications services, responding to the diversified needs and state of relations between the RDM and the USSR.”

This, Rakotovao Andriantiana said in conclusion, is why the new agreement will indisputably contribute to further development of cooperation and to strengthening of understanding between the Malagasy and Soviet peoples.

11267 CSO: 4&400




Windhoek WINDHOEK OBSERVER in English 23 Jun 79 p 16

[Article by Gwen Lister]

[Excerpt] The leader of the Herstigte Nasionale Party in the Territory, Mr Sarel Becker, is of the opinion that where SWAPO has failed, Mr Dirk Mudge, Chairman of the DTA, will succeed! Mr Becker said that the in- surgents had not succeeded in driving the whites from this country, but that Mr Mudge was showing remarkable promise in this regard.

Mr Becker, who claims that if an election was held now, the HNP would receive at least 12,000 votes, said that he did not expect any positive action from the South African Government in helping to curb the anti-dis- criminatory legislation which was ratified in the National Assembly this week. Neither did he expect any possibility of prohibitive steps being taken by the Administrator General, Mr Justice M. T. Steyn, but the HNP was nevertheless discussing whether to either send a petition or a letter to the Administrator General, requesting him not to put his stamp of approval on the proposed legislation.

Mr Becker feels that the support of the HNP had increased substantially since the December election. This due to three reasons. The fact that the HNP had won a seat in the last election has given the party a credi- bility it might otherwise not have had, the consistency of the HNP is policy and propaganda direction, and lastly the manner in which the poli- tical situation had developed in this country, played a major role in in- creasing the support of the HNP, he said.

Mr Becker also displayed increased cynicism with regard to the proceedings of National Assembly, and said that "diplomacy no longer helped." Black and brown members of the DTA merely wished to vote "as Mr Mudge wanted them to," Mr Becker said.

White Militants

Mr Becker was also asked about the possibility of white militancy in view of the legislation which plans to scrap separate residential areas and do


avay with exclusive restaurants and other public places, and he replied that this possibility “was not to be excluded.”

However, he refused to elaborate, and would also not comment on whether there was substantially increased support for certain reactionary white movements such as the White Resistance Movement.

However, this “militancy” on the part of the whites certainly does pose a threat to harmonious race relations, and already we have had a taste of what can be expected from certain sectors of the white population. This militant mood should be contained at all costs, before it grows be- yond all proportion.

Words to this effect from both leaders of the National Party and the HNP, could still assuage ruffled feelings. It is significant to note that in this respect, although there were a few tentative and noncommittal comments by National Party leaders in the Legislative Assembly in this regard, they have not condemned these reactionary whites outright.

Perhaps they would not succeed in trying to avert confrontation between the whites, which at this stage seems almost inevitable, but at least

they would salvage their own credibility and would prevent a “sour grapes” label being tagged to their respective parties.

CSO: 4420




Windhoek THE WINDHOEK ADVERTISER in English 2 Jul 79 p 2


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[Text] Sixty racist South African troops were kilied by SWAPO national- ist fighters in a major battle near Windhoek in Namibia recently, accord- ing to reports reaching Lusaka.

SWAPO secretary for information, Mr Peter Katjavivi, said yesterday in Lusaka that on June 16 freedom fighters engaged the racist *roops in a battle near Windhoek which lasted for several hours, and 60 South Afri- cans were killed and several others injured.

And according tr reports reaching ZANA from Windhoek, said that on Satur- day nine white rugby players were injured when a bus in which they were traveling was ambushed by freedom fighters “in the operations zone" of the northern Namibia.

According to a statement issued by the South Africa military spokesman, one of the players is in hospital in serious condition.

The spokesman said the team was ambushed while returning from a match at Oshakati, capital of Ovamboland, in the extreme north of Namibia.

The spokesman admitted that so far this year, more than 36 South African soldiers had been killed by SWAPO freedom fighters.

However, SWAPO claims that South Africans have lowered their casualty figures in a bid to bolster sagging white morale.

The exodus of whites from the territory increased in the wake of the devas- tating attacks against South African troops by SWAPO cadres.

Mr Katjavivi warned of a “war situation” in Namibia and said those who travelled with South African “occupation troops” would be liquidated.


But, he said: “SWAPO forces are under instructions not to attack civilian targets. It is quite clear that the rugby players were accompanying South African forces and were seen as part of the occupation forces. This should be a warning to others.”

“Our freedom fighters have advanced and sustained the war of liberation beyond northern Namibia to the outskirts of Tsumeb, Oujjo, Otavii, Grootfontein, Otjwa and Rongo.”

CSO: 4420



ARREST OF SWAPO SUPPORTERS--Windhoek: The Chief of the Security Police, Colonel Koos Myburgh confirmed a further three arrests of Swapo supporters under Proclamation AG 26. Colonel Myburgh said the arrests were made in Khorixas last weekend, but added that he could not release the names because the Administrator General did not favour identification. [Text] [Windhoek WINDHOEK OBSERVER in English 23 Jun 79 p 6]

BASTER KAPTEIN'S COUNCIL--Windhoek: The newly-elected Kaptein of the Rehoboth Basters, Mr Hans Diergaardt, announced at Rehoboth that he had appointed two members of his community to serve 2s his Kaptein's Council. They are: Mr C A Olivier, a local farmer who served for more than 15 years on the Rehoboth Advisory Council before it was disbanded in 1977, and Mr WSW Christ, 39, a Rehoboth schoolteacher. Mr Diergaardt, leader

of the Liberation Front and the party's representative in the SWA Naticnal Assembly, will be officially sworn in as Kaptein of Rehoboth by the Admin- istrator General, Mr Justice MT Steyn, on Monday. SAPA [Text]

[Windhoek THE WINDHOEK ADVERTISER in English 2 Jul 79 p 3]

CSO: 4420



RESULTS OF 10 JUNE ELECTIONS GIVEN Saint Denis TEMOIGNAGES in French 12 Jun 79 p 4 [Article: "The PCR the No 1 Party of Reunion"]

[Text] With each election, it is always necessary to recall the conditions in which the balloting in Reunion takes place before making commentaries about the figures.

In particular, one must take account of the fact that there are presently 60,000 young Reunion men and women in France, the vast majority of them from pypular classes which vote mostly for the left. This large number of men and women voters represent votes that cannot be counted here, and this constitutes a considerable resource lost for the Reunion Communist Party.

Secondly, the absence of democratic debate on radio and television should al- ways be noted. Worse,